German Language : German for university and everyday life
Good German language skills can help you feel more at home in Germany. Your skill level should be sufficient to understand lectures and participate in discussion in university seminars. You are required to have very good English skills if you wish to enrol in an English-language degree programme.
by the Editors
The language level required for admission to university depends on your degree programme and the university itself. No prior German language knowledge is necessary if you enrol in an English-language degree programme, but you do need very good English skills. As for German-language degree programmes, you usually need better German language skills for humanities than for scientific subjects – especially when it comes to speaking and writing.
Your language level must be sufficient to understand lectures and participate in discussions in seminars. You have to be able to understand theoretical texts. You should also be able to discuss scientific topics in an appropriate manner and explain and analyse them in written form.
You can find more information about language requirements for German-language degree programmes in German skills and German tests.
But German is not only important for your studies. Even if you are enrolled in an English-language degree programme and hardly use German at university, it’s definitely worth learning the language of your host country. You will feel more at home in Germany if you have good language skills. Knowing German can help you get settled in faster, participate more intensively in German life and make friends much easier.
As with all languages, there are regional differences in pronunciation and intonation in Germany. Residents of the Rhineland speak differently than those in Bavaria. People in Berlin speak differently than people in Hamburg. There are even variations in dialect between villages in the same region!
Practically all of the courses you attend at German university will be held in “Hochdeutsch” (High German). But even then, you might come across professors or fellow students who speak a dialect. Many people consciously cultivate their dialects because they’re proud of the region where they grew up.
Most people make an honest effort to speak “Hochdeutsch” to foreigners. However, there are many native speakers who are simply unaware that their German sounds different than the German you hear on the CDs in your language books. But don’t worry – you will quickly become familiar with the German spoken in your region. And if you don’t understand something right away or can’t make yourself understood on the first attempt, it’s absolutely nothing to be ashamed of.
There are many ways of learning or improving your German in Germany. Universities offer language courses parallel to their degree programmes. There are numerous summer courses at universities throughout Germany which can help you improve your language skills for university study. These usually take place between June and September and offer German language courses at various levels. To view a list of upcoming courses, check out the DAAD database for Language and Short Courses.
For more information about learning German, read the section on German skills.
A language tandem is a great way of improving your German. In a tandem, two people get together to learn and speak one another’s native tongue. You meet on a regular basis and practice speaking one language for a while, and then the other. At many universities, the International Office, international student organisations or the student council keep a list of names of people who are interested in starting language tandems.
The levels of language courses in Germany coincide with the levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. There are six levels of proficiency – from basic user (A1) to proficient user (C2). If you wish to assess how good your language ability is, you can test it yourself. The Goethe-Institut offers a short, free assessment test. After completing it, you receive a recommendation for the course level you require.
If you wish to obtain a more accurate assessment and prove your ability with a certificate, you can take the online test OnSET for a fee. This test can tell you whether your language ability is sufficient for passing the TestDaF.